Welcome to Part 3 of my series on starting a classroom library from scratch as a new teacher! In Part 1, I discussed how to begin searching for titles your students will love, no matter what grade you teach. In Part 2, I listed 17 different low-cost ways to start collecting books for your library. In this third installation, I’ll talk book storage and different approaches to organizing your library, so you can answer the question of where the heck to put all those wonderful books!
Your best book storage options will depend on the size of your library and your classroom. Some teachers prefer one or two floor-to-ceiling shelves to maximize floor space; I use shorter shelves that run along a wall underneath the windows of my classroom. Both are valid options. If you’re clever and craftsy, you can get shelves such as the popular IKEA Kallax or Expedit models that can double as seating for your young readers with just an afternoon’s effort and a few add-ons. Plastic milk crates can be spray-painted and attached together with zip ties or strong adhesive to create all sorts of modular shelving options to fill your needs. The more creative and outside the box you can think here, the more you’ll save and the more inviting your library can be!
Two of my shelves were hand-me-downs from the teacher I took over for, and I scrounged up the others at Aldi for cheap. IKEA, garage sales (both digital and traditional), Craigslist, thrift stores and the side of the road before trash night can be places to find shelving. Another great tip is to drive to your local college town the weekend of graduation- many graduating seniors will leave used furniture behind to be dumped, and you can find some pieces that are in pretty good condition. (Incidentally, this is how I found my favorite desk chair!)
If you are someone who likes everything to be matchy-matchy (believe me, I get it!), snag some spray paint and sand paper from the local hardware or craft store, or use contact paper to cover shelves. Within the last decade or so the amount of available designs for contact paper has exploded, so you’re sure to find a design you love that will match the rest of your classroom decor!
I keep my books in nice, sturdy Sterilite baskets. This makes it easier to shift them around on the shelves (and refresh what’s at students’ eye-level periodically), and to pull out whole baskets of books for activities with students. I also have to use baskets for my Aldi shelves, because they’re made of that open wire that things could potentially fall through. The Sterilite baskets are a bit pricey compared to what you can find at the dollar store, but those suckers will last. My mom has used them in her own third-grade classroom library for over a decade and rarely has to replace any. Before the start of each school year, you’ll want to go around and wipe out the baskets (a task my younger sister and I were often assigned in our earlier years), to remove dust, debris, and random writing utensils that always somehow seem to find their way in.
A clear benefit to not using baskets is cost. It’s definitely cheaper to get standard bookshelves and just place the books right on them. But, if you have a non-standard room space or are having to get creative with where your library goes, baskets can help you use all available space by placing them around the classroom in different locations, on top of counters, etc. Baskets might also not be the way to go if you’re primarily stocking picture books- at least, not the Sterilite baskets. The larger ones you’d need to fit picture book sizes are more expensive, and a full basket would likely be too heavy for little hands.
If you go the basket route, you can label your baskets with laminated index cards, or the Target Dollar Spot sometimes has peel-and-stick clear label pockets for book baskets during their back-to-school sale.
If you are not a crafty woodworker, maybe you have a friend or relative who might be able to build you some shelving or book storage for the cost of materials and dinner. This could be a way to get some of those neat book display furniture pieces without spending the hundreds (or thousands!) of dollars they often cost from school supply companies. Here’s a basic set of plans for building a front-facing wooden book display. If your library is mainly picture books and you are able to mount shelving to the wall, here’s a set of super easy plans for wall-mounted book ledges. And here’s a post on a whole variety of DIY classroom furniture including multiple shelving options and more!
Now that you’ve got some shelving, let’s explore some common ways to organize the books in your library, and pros/ cons of each.
If you’re in the “Ain’t nobody got time for that!” school of organization, choosing not to organize your books at at all might be your option- just stick them all up on the shelves and let students have at it!
An oldie but a goodie, organizing books by author’s last name is still a logical choice, whether you’re using traditional shelving or book baskets.
Sorting your fiction (and non-fiction!) books by genre (mystery, realistic fiction, etc.) is fast becoming a much more popular way to organize both classroom and school libraries.
A third library organization option is to sort books by topic (animals, winter, family, etc.).
Sort your books by reading level, no matter what leveling system you use- Fountas & Pinnell, Accelerated Reader, Lexile, “I Can Read” or other pre-leveled text series, etc.
I’ve outlined the four most common methods of classroom library organization above, but you may find that one system is not the key for you. In my library, I organize my fiction by author’s last name and my non-fiction by topic. I have series in their own separate section in chronological order, and I keep separate baskets for poetry, short story anthologies, and dramas/ plays. I will also occasionally do separate topical baskets for my fiction; for example, I recently acquired a set of books containing collections of short folktales from different ethnic backgrounds. These weren’t technically a series, but I decided to highlight them by giving them their own basket. Be flexible with your setup, and feel free to choose whatever works for you and your students.
Picking a library organization system requires some thought from you about what experience you want your students to have and how much effort you’re willing to invest to maintain a system. However, this is just one (albeit important) piece of the puzzle, as is deciding upon a shelving system and whether to use baskets. You will also need to make decisions about whether to label your books to fit your shelving system, whether you want to tag books with certain types of content, what to do if you run out of space for books in your library, etc. In the next post of this series (coming tomorrow!) I will talk about maintaining your library- some of these additional decisions you’ll need to make before opening your books up to your students to ensure that your investment is protected, your books are cared for, and your students have a great reading experience.